# Albert Einstein, known as one of the greatest physicists of all time, was born on March 14, 1879.

14 March 1879

Albert Einstein Birth Anniversary:

Albert Einstein won the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his services to theoretical physics and discovery of the law of photoelectric effect.

Albert Einstein, known as one of the greatest physicists of all time, was born on March 14, 1879.

Albert Einstein, known as one of the greatest physicists of all time, was born on March 14, 1879. A man of genius, by the age of 12 had taught himself algebra and Euclidean geometry over a single summer.

Best known for developing the theory of relativity and the mass-energy equivalence formula E = mc2, often dubbed as 'the world’s most famous equation', Einstein won the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his services to theoretical physics and discovery of the law of photoelectric effect. He also independently discovered his own original proof of the Pythagorean theorem when he was only 12 and went on to master integral and differential calculus by the time he was 14. In his lifetime, he published over 300 scientific papers with more than 150 non-scientific works.

Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany, into a family of Ashkenazi Jews. His father, Hermann Einstein, was a salesman and engineer. In 1880, the family moved to Munich. Einstein struggled with language and other subjects and so he left the school. At the age of 16, Einstein wrote his first scholarly paper on the force of magnetism. The paper was inspired by his compass which was gifted to him by his father.

In 1900 Einstein published his first paper Conclusions from the Capillarity Phenomena. In 1905, he obtained the degree of PhD in physics.

During his stay at the Patent Office, and in his spare time, he produced much of his remarkable work and in 1908 he was appointed Privatdozent in Berne. In 1909 he became Professor Extraordinary at Zurich, in 1911 Professor of Theoretical Physics at Prague, returning to Zurich in the following year to fill a similar post. In 1914 he was appointed Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute and Professor in the University of Berlin.

He became a German citizen in 1914 and remained in Berlin until 1933 when he renounced his citizenship for political reasons and emigrated to America to take the position of Professor of Theoretical Physics at Princeton*. He became a United States citizen in 1940 and retired from his post in 1945.